Things To Know About Textile Weaving Machines Before Buying

Weaving is one of the oldest and the most popular methods of creating clothes/fabric. It has been practised for thousands of years, for which India today holds a rich history of weaving and also stands as one of the second largest producers of employment to the youth of the Nation. 

With time, this industry has evolved and so is the process of weaving. The advancement of technology has introduced new-age equipment that are highly efficient and facilitates the job of the weavers. 

Through this blog, we are going to introduce you to the world of weaving and help you explore all that you should know. 

Let us dive right into it…

What is weaving? 

Since we’re dealing with this topic, let us learn a bit about weaving. 

Weaving is defined as a process that interlaces two individual strands of threads/ yarn at the perfect angles. The pattern generated from the interlacing creates a strong and flexible structure that holds the threads in place, creating a solid fabric or cloth. There are two types of thread used, such as –

  • The longitudinal/vertical thread called warp
  • The lateral/horizontal thread called weft 

What is The Process of Weaving? 

The process of weaving involves the use of a fibre or a long thin material that has a specific amount of structural resilience. Some of the most commonly used fibres are wool, cotton, nylon and others. The spooling of multiple fibres together creates the thread or yarn, which is then given together to make a fabric. 

The most common textile weaving machine is the loom, which has been in existence and has been used throughout history and around the globe. 

The first and foremost step involved in a weaving process is to lay out and attach the warp (longitudinal/vertical thread) to the loom, after which the weft (lateral/horizontal thread) needs to be inserted. 

Types of Weaving Textiles

Some of the commonly used weaving machines are – 


Looms are the most common types of weaving machines. It helps in holding the warp threads in place while the weaver weaves the weft through it. 

The types of looms used are – 

  • Handloom 
  • Power loom 
  • Air jet 
  • Shuttle 
  • Projectile 

To create designs, different colours can be used along with a different weaving method for various textures and patterns. The major parts of a loom include the shaft/harness, the warp beam, heddles, reed, shuttle and take-up roll. 


Rapier is usually used for a versatile type of weaving that involves a large variety of threads. There are several types of Rapier that you can make use of for your viewing purposes however the most common feature includes the using of a hook system that is attached to the rod or metal band passing the pick across the shed. In normal production, these machines can reach up to 700 picks per minute. 


A Dobby loom is defined as a floor loom that is used to control all the warp threads using a device called a dobby. This machine is used by the weavers to control the warp thread by pulling on the draw threads. 

This equipment is often used as an alternative to a treadle loom. The benefits of dobby are – 

  • Eliminates any kind of design limitations 
  • Handles much longer sequences 
  • Supports quicker and easier design changes

Dobby is one of the most sought-after weaving machines owing to its flexibility and possibilities. New cloth design techniques can be easily carried out using a dobby. 


The Jacquard was designed to facilitate the process of manufacturing textiles having complex patterns such as brocade, matelasse, and damask. The punched cards are what controls the loom. The punched holes in each row correspond to one row of the design. Each card sponge with multiple roles of holes to compose the required design or texture.       

In addition to the above, there are other types of textile weaving machines that can be quite beneficial in helping your weaving business flourish. However, knowing your business type and purchasing the perfect machine can be a bit of a task if you do not have the proper knowledge and expertise. Purchasing the wrong weaving machine only increases your hassles and expenses. 

This is why you should seek the guidance of professionals to invest in the machines that will give you returns. Upon getting in touch with the leading weaving machine manufacturers in India, you can discuss your needs and explain your goals and objectives of buying a weaving machine to get proper guidance. 

Leading companies like Golden Elegance, not only offer proper guidance and knowledge on weaving machines but also manufacture the best textiles in town. Along with producing weaving textiles, they provide hands-on training and after-sales service including installation, maintenance and modification. 

You can get in touch with Golden Elegance to buy your first ever weaving machine and seek professional guidance on its usage. In addition, you can also get a 1-year warranty on the machines (terms and conditions applied).

Contact us to learn more.