Difference Between Hand loom and Power Weaving Machines

The progress of the modern era has stifled what formerly dominated the textile sector. It is true that the only way to build a better future is to use elements from the past. After agriculture, the textile industry is India’s second-greatest source of employment, helping to preserve the country’s heritage. India has traditionally been at the forefront of the textile industry, with its immaculate cotton weaving and dyeing expertise. The centuries-old handloom industry alone employs up to 13 million weavers across the country.

The good old manually operated weaving industry, on the other hand, is progressively fading. What was formerly the only commodity-producing sector has been supplanted by the more efficient weaving machine manufacturers, which employ comparable weaving processes but for purely technological reasons. The deconstruction of mill weaving and a substantial change from traditional weaving to mechanical weaving known as “weaving machines” marked the majority of the twentieth century. Only in India can one comprehend the phenomena of a mechanically propelled loom. In terms of foreign exchange profits and textile industry growth, the power loom sector is currently a cornerstone of the Indian economy.

What Is Handloom?

A handloom is a type of loom that is worked manually without the use of electricity and is used to weave cloth or designs on cloth. What began as a means to meet basic needs has evolved into a specialized instrument for the handcraftsman who specializes in furnishing art and fine materials. The rising textile industry has created a huge need for the handloom weavers who defined the cotton sector for most of the nineteenth century. Although no one knows precisely when or how weaving started, the concept obviously predates the loom by thousands of years. However, because of the emergence of more efficient contemporary looms such as weaving machines, the formerly commodity-generating sector is disappearing.

What Is A Weaving Machine?

A power loom is a sort of mechanically powered loom that weaves cloth and is propelled by a steam engine or electricity. Because of the increased demand for cotton and the shortage of supply, the power loom business did not fully take off until the 1850s. Weaving machine manufacturers ensure that weaving machines are a significant departure from the traditional handlooms that dominated the textile industry previously. Because they are mechanically propelled, they can produce cloth at least 10 times quicker than handlooms, allowing them to dominate a large portion of the market. A power loom, on the other hand, can only reproduce a limited number of designs and patterns.

Difference Between Powerloom and Handloom


The Definition

The handloom is a manually powered loom that uses no electricity to weave textiles. This is a woven fabric made with the weaver’s mechanical energy, and the handloom’s action is entirely manual rather than powered by electricity. A loom is a device that is used to weave patterns on cloth, a technique known as weaving. Powerlooms, on the other hand, are fundamentally different from handlooms in that they weave designs into cloth using mechanical power rather than human force.

Operational Differences

A loom is a device for weaving fabric and tapestries that is controlled entirely or partially by human hands. Pit looms and frame looms are used for manual weaving. A pit loom is a type of loom with two peddles placed for the weaver to operate and is situated on the floor facing a pit so that yarn may acquire moisture. A frame loom is a self-supporting loom that rests above the floor and uses a mechanism similar to that of ground looms to make twill and sating cloth. Both looms, however, may be used to weave malkha fabric.


A power loom is a steam or electric-powered automated loom. When compared to handlooms, the looms are powered by a steam engine and propelled by belts, resulting in a more effective and efficient production as well as a superior quality of cloth. Handlooms, on the other hand, are used to weave fabric using a wooden hand and loom, and the produced yarn varies depending on the materials used and the weaver’s talent, potentially resulting in a less effective cloth. Because the handloom is the oldest form of a weaving loom, it is incapable of producing complicated designs as weaving machines.


For yarn insertion, both handlooms and weaving machines employ a tiny carrying device called a shuttle, with the exception that in handlooms, warp threads are lifted and lowered by manual shedding, which necessitates a greater warp shed, which accounts for high-quality woven fabric. Powerlooms are contemporary looms that have a larger production capacity than handlooms and can generate complicated designs with little to no human intervention. Although weaving machines have a higher initial investment, they run at far faster speeds than handlooms, allowing for a greater range of patterns to be produced. You can further learn more about the features of these machines by seeking professional guidance from the leading weaving machine manufacturers.


Although both handlooms and weaving machines are used to weave patterns or thread into cloth, their operation is fundamentally different. Handlooms are manually operated looms for weaving, with human hands doing the picking and beating, whereas weaving machines are mechanical looms using steam engines or electric power that does the shedding, picking, and beating automatically rather than manually.

The advantages of a more efficient weaving machine over traditional manually driven handlooms are obvious from the characteristics alone. Because of the emergence of more efficient and effective weaving machines that can produce effective patterns at much quicker rates, the handloom business is steadily fading.