The Four Major Operations of Weaving and the Tools Required

Weaving is a beautiful skill of creating fabric through the process of interlocking threads in different patterns with each other.

If you closely look at the gorgeous craft on a piece of woven fabric, you will see fibres going through each other from top to bottom and from side to side. This up and down interlocking is called warp thread and the side to side threading is called weft thread.

If you are looking for different techniques and tools to grasp the basics of weaving training, then this blog will be the right one for you.

Dig in to explore tools and different operations used in weaving in this blog.

What Is Weaving All About?

Weaving is an action of creating fabric through interlacing threads via different techniques. Weaving is seen as a craft which has moved away from creating fabrics manually with the introduction of technology and machinery. It now often uses different types of tools like loom, yarn, roving, ribbons, and other materials to make beautiful hanging pieces.

Tools You Need To Start Weaving

Tools that you need to start the process of weaving are as follows:

  • A weaving loom
  • Yarns

Different Operations of Weaving

No matter what type of weaving is being done, the process has to go through these four operations in sequence. Let’s have a look at the sequence.

  • Shedding : This process is all about the alternate warp yarns being raised to insert the filling yarn into the warp to make a shed. Shedding is automatically performed by harness on the modern weaving looms.
  • Picking : After the warp yarns are raised through shedding, the weft yarn is put in through the shed by a carrier. A crossing of the filling from one side of the loom to the other side is called a pick. Various forms of methods are used for pulling the yarn through the shed in different kinds of looms.
  • Beating Up : Beating up is a weaving operation which is also called battening. Here all the warp yarns pass through the eyelets or the openings in another frame that looks like a comb and is called a reed. The reed pushes or beats each yarn against the portion of the fabric that has already been formed with each picking.
  • Taking Up and Letting off: The last stage is taking up and letting off. After all the other operations the new fabric formed is wind on the cloth beam, this is called taking up and when the yarns are released from the beam, they are called letting off.

weaving training


Weaving is a process that results in a great end product. The operations involve a lot of time and techniques in order to have the required textile. To have a smooth cloth ready, the techniques need proper knowledge and skill to execute. Hence one should make weaving training of utmost importance.

Hope this blog gives you an idea and the required techniques for you to understand which suits what better.